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  • Writer's picturelucy brogan

8th February-International Epilepsy Day

Updated: Feb 2, 2021

International Epilepsy Day is a special event which promotes awareness of epilepsy in more than 130 countries each year. On the 8th of February people will be joining together to celebrate and highlight the problems faced by people with epilepsy, their families and carers.

Do you know or work with someone who is affected by epilepsy?

50 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy according to WHO/OMS official figures. There are many different causes for epilepsy including genetic disposition,

How to help?

In first aid we talk about two different types of Epilepsy. Absence seizure (also know as a Minor Seizure) and Tonic-Clonic Seizure (also know as Major Seizure)

With an Absence Seizure a person may appear dazed, they may be plucking at their clothes, smacking their lips or doing similar repetitive movements and will not be aware of their surroundings. You can help by removing them from any danger, help them to sit or lie down.Stay with them until they come around. If this has not happened before advise them to see their Doctor.

With a Tonic-Clonic Seizure they may fall to the floor and go rigid, arch their back and their lips may show cyanosis (a bluish discolouration of the lips). Their limbs may thrash violently and the jaw will go into spasm. Their eyes may roll upwards, loses control of their bowels or bladder and may be breathing heavy. They will be unresponsive, you can help by ensuring their head is protected. Do Not restrain them or put anything in their mouth. Instead loosen any tight clothing around their neck. Make a note of the time, so you know how long the seizure has lasted. When the seizure has ceased they will usually fall into a deep sleep so put them into the recovery position to protect their airway.

Send for am ambulance if:

  1. It is their first seizure

  2. It lasts fro more than 5 minutes

  3. They have a second seizure

  4. They do not regain consciousness

  5. They have sustained any injuries

  6. You are unsure in any way

Remember to book yourself onto one of our First Aid courses to learn more about seizures and how to help.

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